The Beck Depression Inventory
The Beck Depression Inventory was proposed by AT Beck and his colleagues in 1961 and was developed on the basis of clinical observations of the authors, which revealed a limited set of the most relevant and significant symptoms of depression and the most frequently reported complaints. After correlating this list of parameters with the clinical descriptions of depression contained in the relevant literature, a questionnaire was developed that included 21 categories of symptoms and complaints. Each category consists of 4-5 statements, corresponding to specific manifestations / symptoms of depression. These statements are ranked as the specific contribution of the symptom increases to the general severity of depression.In the original version, the technique was filled in with the participation of a qualified expert (psychiatrist, clinical psychologist or sociologist) who read aloud each item from the category, and then asked the patient to choose the statement most appropriate for his condition at the moment. The patient was given a copy of the questionnaire, according to which he could follow the items read by the expert. Based on the patient’s response, the researcher marked the corresponding item on the form. In addition to the test results, the researcher took into account anamnestic data, intellectual development indicators and other parameters of interest.